The first trend in aesthetic medicine is the appearance of mesotherapy preparations containing extracts from stem cells. Stem cells are the starting cells for the body, its tissues and organs. They are characterized by an outstanding ability to reproduce and produce a large number of daughter differentiated cells. They are often called stem cells, because it is from them that various cells in our body derive, as if from a common stem. Due to their origin, they are divided into embryonic and somatic stem cells found in the tissues of adult organisms. They are capable of producing cells from those tissues for which they are a parent.
Somatic stem cells are increasingly used in medicine. A large-scale procedure is transplantation of hematopoietic stem cells, often called bone marrow transplantation. The second treatment is to use the so-called mesenchymal stem cells to assist in the regeneration of damaged bones. Skin is an important source of somatic stem cells. They are mainly found in the basal layer of the epidermis and in the hair follicles. Thanks to their presence, the epidermis is constantly renewed. At the time of division, two cells are formed, one of which remains in the reproductive phase, and the other moves towards the upper layers of the epidermis, undergoing gradual keratinization. Stem cells live long, but their activity decreases with age.
Recently, a preparation for mesotherapy of the skin of the face and scalp has appeared in aesthetic medicine, containing extracts of somatic stem cells obtained from adipose tissue. Adipose-derived stem cells (ASC) are multipotent cells of which there are many in adipose tissue. Multipotent stem cells have the ability not only to repair or renew tissues immediately, but also to ensure their proper function in the regeneration process. The best known source of stem cells is bone marrow, but the number of cells obtained in this way is relatively small. Recently, adipose tissue has become an alternative source of stem cells. Liposuction is one of the most frequently performed procedures in aesthetic surgery and allows you to obtain a large number of stem cells.
Stem cell extracts administered to the skin by mesotherapy stimulate the stem cells present in the epidermis and hair follicles to differentiate into skin cells and stimulate the repair processes taking place in the dermis. So it is a revolutionary approach to the aging process and the latest trend in anti-aging medicine.